Math is a Foreign Language: So Treat it Like One!

Math is a foreign language, so treat it like one! Tips for tackling a tricky subject!

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Math is one of those subjects that strikes fear in the hearts of students everywhere. It is a four letter word that dare not be uttered. As a teacher, I often got complaints about the difficulty of this crazy subject that made no sense. Math was supposed to be about numbers, and yet here were all these letters-x,y, even i sometimes! It’s madness!

I often heard the phrase in some form or another, “I just don’t get it. It’s like a foreign language.” And while students used the phrase, “it’s like a foreign language,” to mean that it was completely unintelligible, the truth is, math is a foreign language. It’s just another way to represent and express what’s happening in the world around us, and yet that’s often not how it’s taught or learned.

Think about it. If you are trying to learn Spanish, how would you go about it? Would you simply memorize a list of vocabulary words? If you memorized every word in the Spanish language would you know how to put them together correctly to form sentences? Would the grammar be correct? Chances are, you would have a lot of knowledge, but very little understanding. You would know a lot of words, but not how to use them.

The same is true with mathematics. You can try to learn it by memorizing, and you may get by okay (after all, you will have a great deal of knowledge), but you will not truly understand. You may not always be able to put all the pieces that you know together correctly because you don’t understand how all the pieces fit together. You will have a lot of facts or procedures memorized, but you won’t be able to see patterns or solve higher order problems.

To give you an idea of what I’m talking about, here’s an example of a simplified problem that nearly every one of us faces. Our cell phone bill.

In English: “My cell phone provider charges a fee of $50 a month for 500 minutes, but also charges 10 cents for each minute that I go over the limit.”

In Spanish: “Mi proveedor de telefonía celular cobra una cuota de $ 50 al mes por 500 minutos, pero también cobra 10 centavos por cada minuto que yo me vaya por encima del límite.” (according to google translate)

In Math: T = 50 + 0.10m, for all m>500, where T = total cost of the bill and m= minutes used.

All three of those say the same thing. All three explain the relationship between the cost of my cell phone bill and how many minutes I talk on the phone. A simple, linear equation is just another way to express that idea.

You could also look at a graph of the charges to see what happens over time as the minutes used increases. What does the graph look like if you only use 250 minutes? How does the graph change as the number of minutes surpasses 500? For visual learners, the graph might make more sense than the algebraic equation, but again, they say the same thing. The English and the Spanish and the equation and the graph are equivalent.

So how can you treat math like a foreign language to learn it more deeply?

Rather than memorizing formulas, explore numerical relationships. Create charts or graphs, and look for patterns. Learn strategies for problem solving. Use what you know to work towards a solution. In other words, seek to learn math by doing math.

Language is best learned when the student is immersed in the subject. When they are hearing the language spoken and when they are forced to try it out themselves and find a way to communicate. Similarly, let math become a part of your everyday life. Ask good questions, and then take time to explore and find solutions. Read Math Curse together as a family, and then take time to notice math in the world around you. (For more ways to use the book Math Curse, see this post).

Many would argue that math is all about speed and fluency in computation. I would argue that if students learn concepts in a meaningful way and strategies to try when approaching problems, speed and fluency will come naturally.

And sure, it may take a little longer to solve a problem, but who cares? Who says that being skilled at math and being fast at computation are one and the same?

After all, the goal of learning Spanish is not to speak as fast as you possibly can, right?

What do you think? Do you think of math as another language? Is that helpful and encouraging or intimidating?

Want to learn more about how to be a great, studious mathematician? Check out this post:

Being good at math takes hard work and discipline, but is not impossible! Learn how to be a better student of mathematics at!

10 Things Every Good Mathematician Should Do

Another great resource for understanding math is What’s Math Got to Do with It? by Jo Boaler.

If you’d like to read about math as a language from the perspective of a French teacher, check out this post!

~Math Geek Mama


  1. Brilliant article, this is how i see learning math too 🙂 To a great extent, It’s like learning a system of ways to express the language of logic i already have.

  2. Thank you, this is totally my opinion too! I can only speak for the German school system (or actually only my school in particular) but I can say that language teaching there was utterly antiquated, so much less did it cross anyone’s mind to change the way maths are taught. Although my teacher was good, he had a lot of enthusiasm for the subject and was patient, but now that I have to recap maths for university and find a way to teach myself, I realise that maybe, I was taught the wrong way around, and probably struggles so much because of that. I’ve always been good at languages, at least at a later stage when it came to actually expressing myself written and verbally, I suck at reciting grammar rules though. I think there are a lot of people who see language the same way and I’m right now trying to restructure my maths (self-)teaching to exactly the approach I use with language. I was wondering if there was anyone else who saw it this way and came across your article, I’m glad I’m not alone with this!

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